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Bach Ma National Park

Bach Ma, Viet Nam

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Description

Bạch Mã National Park (Vietnamese: Vườn quốc gia Bạch Mã) is a protected area in central Vietnam, near the city of Huế. It covers 220 km² and comprises three zones: a strictly protected core area, an administrative area and a buffer zone.

As of 2004, the park is being considered for expansion in order to create a larger protected area that will create a corridor from the border with Laos to the sea.

In 1932, the summit of Bạch Mã selected by the French chief engineer Girard to become a hill station for the colonial administration of Hue. In the following years, a village including 139 villas and hotels was created. For accommodating holiday makers and to avoid commuting on the steep, 19 km long road to the next major town, there were even a post office, a market, and a hospital.By 1937 the number of holiday homes had reached 139 and it became known as the ‘Dalat of central Vietnam’. Most of the visitors were high-ranking French VIPs. Not surprisingly the Viet Minh tried hard to spoil the holiday – the area saw some heavy fighting in the early 1950s. After independence from the French, Bạch Mã was soon forgotten and the villas abandoned; today they are in total ruin and only a few stone walls remain. At an elevation of 1250 metres above sea level, the National Park is a popular summer retreat for the Vietnamese, who come to relieve the cooler temperatures of Bạch Mã. The area around the National Park was first protected as a series of forest reserves in 1937, and was declared a protected area by the government of South Vietnam in 1962. In 1986 the area was established as a national park. The forests of the park, like Cát Tiên National Park, suffered from the use of defoliants like Agent Orange during the Vietnam War.

Bạch Mã National Park is situated in the Annamite Mountains and is one of the wettest places in Vietnam. Its mountains are composed mainly of granite, and the topography of the park is generally very steep.

Bạch Mã's position, at the biogeographical border between northern and southern Vietnam, combined with its variety of habitats, ranging from the coast to high mountains, means the park is rich in biodiversity. It is located in an area that is considered a 'Centre of Plant Diversity' in Vietnam. The main vegetation type is moist evergreen forest and montane forest, as well as areas of scrub and grassland where human disturbance has been high.

The mammal fauna of the park is not well known, though historically it held important species such as Asian elephant, White-cheeked Gibbons and Red-shanked Douc langurs. It also protects important bird species, ezpecially Vietnamese endemics such as the Crested Argus, the Annam Partridge, as well as the previously considered extinct Edwards's Pheasant.

Description provided through Wikipedia. Is it incorrect? .

Latest activity in this protected area

  • 788b253ed77336907e2793d1eb60d46c

    T.Matusch commented on the Site

    over 1 year ago

    "This shape of the National Park is wrong due to an extension in year 2008."

  • 788b253ed77336907e2793d1eb60d46c

    T.Matusch updated a Wikipedia Article

    over 2 years ago

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bach_Ma_National_Park

    Bạch Mã National Park (Vietnamese: Vườn quốc gia Bạch Mã) is a protected area in central Vietnam, near the city of Huế. It covers 220 km² and comprises three zones: a strictly protected core area, an administrative area and a buffer zone.

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Nearest protected areas

Bach Ma

Bac Hai Van

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Official Record

  • WDPA ID10110
  • NameBach Ma
  • Original NameBach Ma
  • Country / TerritoryVNM
  • Sub locationVN-26
  • IUCN CategoryIIWhat is this?
  • English DesignationNational Park
  • Designation TypeNational
  • StatusDesignated
  • Status Year1986
  • Reported Area km2220.31
  • Marinefalse
  • Governance TypeSub-national ministry or agency
  • International CriteriaNot Applicable
  • Management AuthorityNot Reported
  • Management Plan URLNot Reported

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Official Data Provider

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Regional Centre for Nature Conservation (ARCBC) (2003)


The boundaries and names shown, and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

Details

Species information

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  • Iucn_red_white_small Logogbif

Data provided by GBIF and IUCN

Analysis of Irreplaceability Details

This Protected Area has been assessed and ranked for irreplaceability

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