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Chirripó National Park

Chirripó, Costa Rica

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Chirripó National Park is a national park of Costa Rica, encompassing parts of three provinces: San José, Limón and Cartago. It was established in 1975.

It is named for its most prominent feature, Cerro Chirripó, which at 3,820 metres (12,530 ft) is the highest mountain in Costa Rica.

Chirripó is the 38th most prominent peak in the world. In terms of Holdridge life zones, the park can be categorized into five ecosystems: lowland tropical wet forest, premontane tropical wet forest, lower montane wet forest, montane wet forest and subalpine wet forest (páramo).

Summiting the peak begins with a hike along a 16.5-kilometre (10.3 mi) uphill trail from the town of San Gerardo de Rivas to the park ranger's refuge in the Los Crestones sector; that is followed by a 5-kilometre (3.1 mi) walk to the peak.[citation needed]

The climate is dominated by two seasons: a dry season lasting from December to April and a wet season from May to November,

During the dry season the upper regions are susceptible to fires. The latest recorded events have occurred in 1953, 1958, 1976, 1977, 1981 and 1992. This last event, however, affected over 20 square kilometres (7.7 sq mi) of vegetation and forced the administration to close the park for four months.

The Las Nubes Centre for Neotropical Conservation and Research is a facility located at the southwest corner of the park and managed by York University of Toronto through an agreement with Costa Rica's Tropical Science Center.

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Points of interest in Chirripó

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Nearest protected areas

La Amistad

Río Macho


Official Record

  • WDPA ID163
  • NameChirripó
  • Original NameChirripó
  • Country / TerritoryCRI
  • Sub locationCR-C
  • IUCN CategoryIIWhat is this?
  • English DesignationNational Park
  • Designation TypeNational
  • StatusDesignated
  • Status Year1975
  • Reported Area km2501.41381
  • Marinefalse
  • Governance TypeNot Reported
  • International CriteriaNot Applicable
  • Management AuthorityNot Reported
  • Management Plan URLNot Reported




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Official Data Provider

Sistema Nacional de Areas de Conservacion (SINAC), Costa Rica (2008)

The boundaries and names shown, and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.


Species information

  • 186

  • Iucn_red_white_small Logogbif

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Analysis of Irreplaceability Details

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