Morrocoy National Park
Morrocoy, Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
MARINE PROTECTED AREA
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Morrocoy National Park is located in the easternmost coast of Falcón state and northwestern of Golfo Triste, in the west central Venezuelan coast, near the towns of Boca de Aroa, Tucacas, Sanare, Chichiriviche, Flamenco and Tocuyo de la Costa, and consists of 32,090 acres. It was declared a national park on May 26, 1974 by Executive Order No. 113, Official Gazette No. 30408 on May 27, 1974.
The park extends both terrestrial and aquatic areas of Golfo Triste, contains an area of mangroves and numerous islets or cays among which are Borracho, Muerto, Sombrero, Sal, Las Animas and Peraza, among others, with spectaculars white sand beaches as beaches Mero, Paiclas, los Juanes, Playuela, Tucupido, Azul, Boca Seca and many more. Stand in the relief the Chichiriviche hill, with elevations of 250 m, the set of internal bays and mangroves and cays and islands. Declaration as a National Park or Protected Area:
Do not allow the alteration of each of the ecosystems that make up the Morrocoy National Park, such as: coral reefs and seagrass beds, keys, bass, halophytic, mangroves and coastal lagoons, savannas and deciduous forests. Thus conserving biodiversity and ecological balance of the park.
Ensure natural migrations of animal species.
Recovery of areas and ecosystems that have been impacted by man and ensure that these and all others remain in excellent conditions.
Encourage and provide the best conditions to promote scientific research and environmental education.
Create and promote activities that promote tourism and recreation, as long as it keep the conservation of the entire ecosystem of Morrocoy National Park.
Preserve all historic sites, and archeological spelunking in the park.
From Caracas, take the Central Regional Highway to past the dealer Guacara (approximately 140 km). Variant is taken by highway via Yagua to Puerto Cabello. Arriving at El Palito take the highway to Puerto Cabello in Morón address. In the Morón dealer takes the highway Morón-Tucacas and after traveling 40 km it reach the entrance to the Morrocoy National Park.
With regard to the wildlife in the park inhabited by numerous species of birds, about 266, reported for Cuare Wildlife Refuge. Because Morrocoy National Park and Wildlife Refuge Cuare are located in the same geographic area, it is inferred that the park should be a similar number, among which stand out the osprey, vulnerable species such as flamingo, palette heron, pelican species of birds whose preferred habitat is the mangrove nesting and resting, Neotropic, Chusmita or white Garcita, the helmeted cockaded, the Amazona real parrot, the red Scarlet Ibis, pechiblanca heron and species considered as restricted distribution of the frigatebird or earwig. Tues Mangroves of Morrocoy Bay are excellent sanctuaries of birds, especially on the island of Pájaros, which is covered with mangrove cay located in the central area of the park.
Also inhabit many marine reptiles, including turtles stand out as the Green sea turtle, the hawksbill turtle, cardon turle, horned turtle and the alligator from the coast, all considered by the red book endangered. Among mammals include both marine mammals (dolphins, whales) that use the park as a refuge and the different species of land mammals, which are located mainly in the Chichiriviche Hill, among which may be mentioned the brocket deer and caramerudo deer, the anteater, the crab-eating fox, howler monkey, sloth, opossum, paca, agouti and peccary cinched. Fish breeding in the park are grouper, snapper, curbina, tarpon, snook, toadfish, school shark, sardines, mackerel, grunt, the barracuda, black pacu and fish that inhabit coral reefs . Among the shellfish: the mangrove oyster, sea hares, quigua, there are 2 types of lobsters Panulirus argus, Panulirus grettatus, blue and red crabs, and other species. There is a diverse range of insects, although there is still gathering information for the area.
It should consider now and over the years, the park's wildlife has suffered a major negative impact due to indiscriminate activities done by man, there has been a significant decline in coral species, which have been declining in recent years.
Corresponds to the area of tropical dry forest. The vegetation is quite varied and is closely associated with geomorphological positions, and most important subsets of the relief of the area: Coast, coastal lagoons, marshes, saline shoals, keys, shallow seabed. It report from evergreen plants such as olives, to deciduous plants like naked Indian. Plants are adapted to high salinity soils as in the case of glass grass. Continuing toward the east slope of the hill Chichiriviche, sector Mayorquina can be seen xerophytic vegetation of family cactus. There are also four species of mangroves reported for Venezuela: red mangrove, black mangrove, white mangrove, buttonwood mangrove, mangrove vegetation are the dominant vegetation and landscape of the National Park, form a unit that preserves ecologically fragile balance of the coastline, in an area of approximately 4,500 ha, which is the total area of the plant unit. Among the underwater marine growth, a wide variety of algae including seagrass, which is one of the favorite foods of the green turtle.
The warm tropical climate is influenced by the northeast trade winds, with low rates of precipitation. Relatively uniform temperature throughout the year between 27 and 35 °C. In cold weather it can see temperatures between 23-26 °C. The rainiest period extends from August to December, particularly in November and December.
Morrocoy National Park has a wide range of potential environmental and landscapes, coupled with extraordinary landscape scenarios that characterize each of the places that make up the park, rich in biodiversity and beauty.
Morrocoy beaches are spectacular, it find a number of them: Sombrero cay, Playuela, Playuelita, Alemán cay, Mayorquina, Pescadores cay, Mero beach, Punta Brava, Boca Paiclás, Boca Seca, los Juanes, Bajo Caimán, Tucupido, Sal cay, borracho cay etc. But beneath them corals and fish offer its best to divers and include three islets, but are outside the area of the park, about 7 nautical miles of Tucacas, maintain a status of Special Protection Area : Norte, Medio cay and Sur cay.
Is the orographic of the park, 285m high. Stay in high relief amid the surrounding coastal environment, of Tertiary coral origin, belonging to the geological formation called Capadare - Agua Linda. The Chichiriviche Hill, is the landscape less associated with coastal and marine nature that characterizes the Morrocoy National Park.
Within the Morrocoy National Park bulk flow of tourists from all over the national territory, who will enjoy the variety of beaches, some come to camp and others come with their boats. As a national park, is under the supervision of INPARQUES (National Parks Institute) who maintains order and control.
Within the park are various communities, towns, businesses, inns.
Are towns Caño Leon, Morrocoy, Lizardo and Aguasalobre.
There are also small marinas that make up the Association of Marine Sports of Golfo Triste, which is made up: Marina El Ancla, Marina Las Canoas, Marina Puerto del Medio, Marina Indunave, Marina Costa Azul, Marina Embarcadero Morrocoy, Marina Caribe, Marina La Cazanga and Marina La Cuevita.
Also are the piers, which are associations of boatmen, who are dedicated to the transport of tourists to the various beaches of Morrocoy are the piers are of Las luisas, Morrocoy and Aguasalobre.
There are inns for the rest of the tourists as Posada La Esmeralda, Paraíso Azul, Las Trinitarias, El Solar de la Luna, etc
Also small stalls of cocadas, empanadas, coconut water and local crafts.
Los Juanes belonging Morrocoy National Park. It is also known as "The Pool" because it is not sand beach, so the only access is the sea, a natural low where vacationers are able to enjoy its warm blue waters, always in time to the music bearing get the yachts moored in the shelter. It has a lot of vendors selling among other things, sea delicacies and cuisine accompanied by the deep blue waters, lobster, ceviches, seafood, barbecue, drinks and even desserts, are part of the services that can be found in Los Juanes and in some cases have outlets.
To visit Los Juanes may be on a private boat or a small boat of fishing, which will come to an area surrounded by mangroves where boats are anchored to the enjoyment of the sea. These boats can be taken from the same Morrocoy park or piers of Tucacas town.
Los Juanes has two islands ideal for snorkeling, because underwater fauna living among corals of various colors, mangroves and are also shallow waters ideal for this type of sport, becoming probably the most original and popular of all Morrocoy National Park.
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