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Guanica UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve

Guanica, Puerto Rico

MARINE PROTECTED AREA

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Description

The Guánica State Forest (Spanish: Bosque Estatal de Guánica) is a subtropical dry forest located in southwest Puerto Rico. The area was designated as a forest reserve in 1919 and a United Nations Biosphere Reserve in 1981. It is considered the best preserved, subtropical forest and the best example of dry forest in the Caribbean.

Located in the dry orographic rain shadow of the Cordillera Central, Puerto Rico's driest area, temperatures in the forest are, on average, around 80 °F (27 °C) in shaded areas and 100 °F (38 °C) in exposed areas. The average temperature is 25.3 °C (77.5 °F) and the average annual rainfall is 791 millimetres (31.1 in).

Approximately half of Puerto Rico's birds and nine of sixteen the endemic bird species occur in the Guánica State Forest.

The vegetation in the forest is divided into three main groups: upland deciduous forest (which occupies 23.5 square kilometres or 9.1 square miles), semi-evergreen forest (7.2 square kilometres or 2.8 square miles), and scrub forest (5.8 square kilometres or 2.2 square miles). Similar to other insular dry forests species diversity is low; between 30 and 50 tree species are found per ha. More than 700 plant species, of which 48 are endangered and 16 are endemic to the forest, occur within the forest.

Description provided through Wikipedia. Is it incorrect? .

Latest activity in this protected area

  • 54b60831cce64518724facfcc0b2dc8c

    Protected Area updated by UNEP Caribbean Environment Programme (CEP), facilitated by UNEP-WCMC

    about 3 years ago

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guánica_State_Forest

    The Guánica State Forest (Spanish: Bosque Estatal de Guánica) is a subtropical dry forest located in southwest Puerto Rico. The area was designated as a forest reserve in 1919 and a United Nations Biosphere Reserve in 1981. It is considered the best preserved, subtropical forest and the best example of dry forest in the Caribbean.

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Nearest protected areas

La Parguera

94% COMPLETE

Official Record

  • WDPA ID3055
  • NameGuanica
  • Original NameGuanica
  • Country / TerritoryPRI
  • Sub locationUS-PR
  • IUCN CategoryNot ApplicableWhat is this?
  • English DesignationUNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve
  • Designation TypeInternational
  • StatusDesignated
  • Status Year1981
  • Reported Area km240.0
  • Marinetrue
  • Reported Marine Area km2Unknown
  • No TakeNot Reported
  • No Take Area km20.0
  • Governance TypeNot Reported
  • International CriteriaNot Reported
  • Management AuthorityNot Reported
  • Management Plan URLNot Reported

94%

complete

1

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Official Data Provider

UNEP Caribbean Environment Programme (CEP) (2002)

Citation:
UNEP Caribbean Environment Programme (CEP) tech reports for Puerto Rico No. 36 dated 1996 (see doc link), October 2002.

The boundaries and names shown, and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

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  • Iucn_red_white_small Logogbif

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