Kisama (Quiçãma) National Park
Kisama (Quiçãma), Angola
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Quiçama National Park, also known as Kissama National Park (Portuguese: Parque Nacional do Quiçama or Parque Nacional da Quissama), is a national park in northwestern Angola.
It is the only functioning national park in all of Angola, with the others being in disrepair due to the Angolan Civil War.
The park is approximately 70 km from Luanda, the Angolan capital. The park covers 3 million acres (12,000 km²), more than twice the size of the U.S. state of Rhode Island.
The Portuguese name Quiçama is spelled in English and other languages as Kissama, Kisama or Quicama. The spelling Kissama in English is the closest to the Portuguese phonetic.
What is now Quiçama National Park was formed as a game reserve in 1938. In January 1957, it was proclaimed a national park by the Portuguese administration of the Overseas Province of Angola.
The park once was home to an abundance of large game animals such as elephants and Giant Sable, but after wide-scale poaching during 25 years of civil war, the animal population was virtually eliminated.
In 2001, the Kissama Foundation, a group of Angolans and South Africans, initiated 'Operation Noah's Ark' to transport animals, especially elephants, from neighbouring Botswana and South Africa. These animals, who were from overpopulated parks in their home countries, adapted well to the move. Noah's Ark was the largest animal transplant of its kind in history and has given the park momentum to be restored to its natural state.
The park is bordered on the west by 120 km of the Atlantic Ocean's coast. The Cuanza River forms the northern boundary, while the Longa River constitutes the southern border.
WorldWilderness commented on the Site
8 days ago
"PARQUE NACIONAL KISSAMA | KISSAMA NATIONAL PARK: Conserving Wildlife for the Future of Angola THE PARK Kissama National Park is the third largest park in Angola encompassing 996,000 hectares (99.6 kilometers squared) of open savanna woodlands, grassland, coastal beaches, and the wetlands of the green Kwanza River valley. The Special Conservation Area at the northern tip of the park is easily accessible by car for a day trip. However, the longer you stay at the Park the more likely you are to see many wild animals, enjoy the sunsets from the Lodge at Kaua, and learn about the great biodiversity of Angola. Once you've paid your entrance fee you'll be entering a very special place where the rules of behavior are different than at home. Treat all animals and plants with respect and remain a safe distance away using your binoculars to get a close-up look at them. Be careful with your trash - you must dispose of trash in the proper trash containers located at Kaua. Or, even better, take it home in your trash bag and dispose of it properly at home. The safe driving speed within the park is no more than 50 kilometers an hour, but driving slower will allow you to view more wildlife. Within the Park there are many species of wild animals, rare plants, and a long history of people living here. Just as the wildlife of the park is being restored, you can find personal renewal and restoration during your visit. We want your visit to be fun, rewarding and safe. Being safety conscious along the way will help you to preserve the jewel that is Kissama National Park for everyone today and for everyone in the future! From the entrance station on Angola coastal highway south of the Kwanza Bridge you will travel to the entrance gate for the Special Conservation Area. Once you pass through the wildlife electrified fence, continue directly on to Kaua Station. At one time, wildlife in the Park was plentiful, but most wildlife disappeared during the war in Angola. In 2001 a program called “Noah’s Ark” brought many species of mega-fauna back to the Park and their populations are growing. In the future, wildlife will return to the entire Park and a new, healthy phase of environmental conservation will be achieved. Today, we must all protect these animals so they can remain healthy. Human food is for humans and might contain products that can cause an imbalance in their physiology or behavior. You can help wild animals to remain wild by keeping your food away from them and not feeding them, no matter how cute they are. Some very unusual plants are found in the park. The baobab (Andonsonia digitata) tree has a huge trunk and bark that looks like the skin of an elephant, gray wrinkled and folded. It has adapted to loose its leaves in the dry season (May to July) so that is doesn’t transpire too much water and die. One cactus rises from the grasslands and can grow as tall as an adult giraffe! WHAT YOU'LL FIND Though wildlife viewing is not as rich as in western Africa safari tours, Kurica Safari Lodge provides a 'game drive' in which you will see many mega-fauna species. You might see elephant, giraffe, zebra, bushbuck, eland, buffalo, ostrich, bee eaters, gray go-away birds, and many other species. If you have camping equipment, you can arrange for your camping with the Lodge. The phone number for the Kurica Safari Lodge (sleeping accommodations, restaurant, game drive, etc.) is: 917 625 322 (Luanda) | 923 594 382 (Lodge). To provide for your safety and the safety of the wildlife, you must have a guide if you are going on a game drive. You can make arrangements for the guide at the reception area at Kaua, or call Kurica Safari Lodge for additional information. A new visitor center and interpretive trail at Kaua will likely be opening in 2014. So, go see the wildness of Kissama National Park before everyone else!"
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