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La Amistad UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve

La Amistad, Costa Rica

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Description

The La Amistad International Park, or in Spanish Parque Internacional La Amistad, formerly the La Amistad National Park, is a Transboundary Protected Area in Latin America, management of which is shared between Costa Rica (Caribbean La Amistad and Pacific La Amistad Conservation Areas) and Panama, following a recommendation by UNESCO after the park's inclusion in the World Heritage Site list.

The park area is equally split between Costa Rica and Panama, as part of the former La Amistad Reserves of the Talamanca mountain range. It covers 401,000 ha of tropical forest and is the largest nature reserve in Central America; together with a 15 km buffer zone, it represents a major biodiversity resource at a regional (ca 20% of the region's species diversity) and global level.

This is recognized in its strategic position in the Mesoamerican Biological Corridor and its designation as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Its cross-frontier position gives it unique potential to improve bioregional planning. The park’s buffer zone includes coffee and beef producers and indigenous subsistence farmers. As a consequence of the difficulty of the terrain, the park is relatively unexplored and the only substantial scientific explorations deep into the park have been led by the Natural History Museum London, INBio and the University of Panama in the last 6 years (2003–2008).

In 2006 the UK's Darwin Initiative funded a three-year collaborative project led by the Natural History Museum, London, INBio (Costa Rica) and ANAM (Panama). The aim of the Initiative was to generate baseline biodiversity information for the park and a map of the biodiversity. This involved a series of seven multi-disciplinary and international expeditions to remote parts of La Amistad during which over 7,500 plant, 17,000 beetle and 380 herpetological collections were made and deposited in the national collections of Costa Rica and Panama. These expeditions also lead to the discovery of 12 plant species, one dung beetle species, 15 amphibian and three reptile species new to science.

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  • 54b60831cce64518724facfcc0b2dc8c

    Protected Area updated by UNEP-WCMC, facilitated by UNEP-WCMC

    over 2 years ago

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_Amistad_International_Park

    The La Amistad International Park, or in Spanish Parque Internacional La Amistad, formerly the La Amistad National Park, is a Transboundary Protected Area in Latin America, management of which is shared between Costa Rica (Caribbean La Amistad and Pacific La Amistad Conservation Areas) and Panama, following a recommendation by UNESCO after the park's inclusion in the World Heritage Site list.

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Official Record

  • WDPA ID5083
  • NameLa Amistad
  • Original NameLa Amistad
  • Country / TerritoryCRI
  • Sub locationCR-L
  • IUCN CategoryNot ApplicableWhat is this?
  • English DesignationUNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve
  • Designation TypeInternational
  • StatusDesignated
  • Status Year1982
  • Reported Area km25845.92
  • Marinefalse
  • Governance TypeNot Reported
  • International CriteriaNot Reported
  • Management AuthorityNot Reported
  • Management Plan URLNot Reported

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UNEP-WCMC (2003)


The boundaries and names shown, and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

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