Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park
Bogani Nani Wartabone, Indonesia
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Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park is a 2,871 km² (1,108 mi²) National Park on Minahassa Peninsula on Sulawesi island, Indonesia. Formerly known as Dumoga Bone National Park, it was established in 1991 and was renamed in honour of Nani Wartabone, a local resistance fighter who drove the Japanese from Gorontalo during the World War II. The park has been identified by Wildlife Conservation Society as the single most important site for the conservation of Sulawesi wildlife and is home to a large number of species endemic to Sulawesi.
Common plant species in the park are Piper aduncum, Trema orientalis, Macaranga species and various orchids. Endangered plants in the park include the matayangan palm (Pholidocarpus ihur), Makassar Ebony, iron wood (Intsia spp.), yellow wood (Arcangelisia flava), and carrion flower (Amorphophallus companulatus).
In the park there have been recorded 24 mammal, 11 reptile and 125 bird species. These include the endangered Anoa and Cinnabar Hawk Owl, which was only described scientifically in 1999 from a specimen collected from the park.
Among the larger animals of the park are babirusas and the Sulawesi warty pig.
The Maleo megapode is endemic to the island and is the park's mascot. Maleo birds have been bred successfully in this park, and as per February 2012, about 3,300 birds have been released to their habitat. Hungoyono camp in Bone Bolango is the largest Maleo habitat which the conservationists have 4 breeding sites. Normally the birds need geothermal hot sand for their breeding as in Hungoyono camp.
The park is threatened by uncontrolled logging, poaching and illegal gold mining.
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