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Los Guatuzos Wildlife Refuge

Los Guatuzos, Nicaragua

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Los Guatusos Wildlife Refuge (Spanish: Refugio de Vida Sivestre Los Guatusos) has an area of 437.5 km2 (168.9 sq mi) and is located south of Lake Nicaragua and west of the San Juan River in Nicaragua. Los Guatusos is a protected area consisting of tropical wetlands, rainforest, and wildlife refuge, it is the only internationally registered tropical wetland area in Nicaragua.

The site has been cataloged by UNESCO as a biosphere reserve and belongs to the list of cenagales (wetlands) of international importance of Ramsar Convention. The refuge comprises the Ecological Center of Los Guatusos, a research center that offers guided visits, excursions and lodging in the park. It also has a butterfly farm, turtle and caiman nursery, and an orchid display of 92 different species.

Los Guatusos is rich in flora and fauna. The number of recorded species of birds living in the wildlife refuge is recorded at over 389, which doesn't include the thousands of migratory birds that frequently visit the refuge. Some of the commonly spotted animals include caimans, crocodiles, jaguars, monkeys and feral pigs. Also present in the refuge are the ancient species of fish, although spotting them is rare. The Atractosteus tropicus, or gaspar, has fangs and a snout that help it consume other species of fish as well as turtles and crabs.

With regards to the fauna, 81 species of Amphibians, 136 species of reptile and 42 species of mammals are found in the park.

A total of twelve rivers pass through the reserve. A total of 315 species of plants exist including 130 Orchidaceae.

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Official Record

  • WDPA ID30630
  • NameLos Guatuzos
  • Original NameLos Guatuzos
  • Country / TerritoryNIC
  • Sub locationNI-SJ
  • IUCN CategoryNot ReportedWhat is this?
  • English DesignationWildlife Refuge
  • Designation TypeNational
  • StatusDesignated
  • Status YearUnknown
  • Reported Area km258.5816
  • Marinefalse
  • Governance TypeFederal or national ministry or agency
  • International CriteriaNot Applicable
  • Management AuthorityNot Reported
  • Management Plan URLNot Reported




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Official Data Provider

Sistema Nacional de Información Ambiental (SINIA), Chile, Dirección General de Patrimonio Natural (DGPN) and Ministerio del Ambiente y los Recursos Naturales (MARENA), Nicaragua (2007)

The boundaries and names shown, and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.


Species information

  • 176

  • Iucn_red_white_small Logogbif

Data provided by GBIF and IUCN

Analysis of Irreplaceability Details

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