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Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage Site

Volcanoes of Kamchatka, Russian Federation

MARINE PROTECTED AREA

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Description

The volcanoes of Kamchatka are a large group of volcanoes situated on the Kamchatka peninsula. The Kamchatka River and the surrounding central side valley are flanked by large volcanic belts containing around 160 volcanoes, 29 of them still active. The peninsula has a high density of volcanoes and associated volcanic phenomena, with 19 active volcanoes being included in the six UNESCO World Heritage List sites in the Volcanoes of Kamchatka group, most of them on the Kamchatka Peninsula.

The highest volcano is Klyuchevskaya Sopka (4,750 m or 15,584 ft), the largest active volcano in the Northern Hemisphere, while the most striking is Kronotsky, whose perfect cone was said by celebrated volcanologists Robert and Barbara Decker to be a prime candidate for the world's most beautiful volcano. Somewhat more accessible are the three volcanoes visible from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky: Koryaksky, Avachinsky, and Kozelsky. In the center of Kamchatka is Eurasia's world famous Geyser Valley which was partly destroyed by a massive mudslide in June 2007.

Owing to the Kuril-Kamchatka Trench, deep-focus seismic events and tsunamis are fairly common. A pair of megathrust earthquakes occurred off the coast on October 16, 1737, and on November 4, 1952, in the magnitude of ~9.3 and 8.2 respectively.A chain of more shallow earthquakes were recorded as recently as April 2006.

These volcanic features are the site of occurrence of certain extremophile micro-organisms, that are capable of surviving in extremely hot environments.

Description provided through Wikipedia. Is it incorrect? .

Points of interest in Volcanoes of Kamchatka

Latest activity in this protected area

  • 54b60831cce64518724facfcc0b2dc8c

    Protected Area updated by IUCN, facilitated by UNEP-WCMC

    about 2 years ago

    Modified Geometry, Management Authority, No Take Area km2 and 7 more attributes see details >

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Nearest protected areas

Kronotsky

Kronotskiy

100% COMPLETE

Official Record

  • WDPA ID124387
  • NameVolcanoes of Kamchatka
  • Original NameVolcanoes of Kamchatka
  • Country / TerritoryRUS
  • Sub locationNot Reported
  • IUCN CategoryNot ApplicableWhat is this?
  • English DesignationWorld Heritage Site
  • Designation TypeInternational
  • StatusInscribed
  • Status Year1996
  • Reported Area km239957.6937
  • Marinetrue
  • Reported Marine Area km20.0

    Data difference

    OFFICIAL

    0.0

    COMMUNITY

    Unknown

  • No TakeNot Reported
  • No Take Area km20.0
  • Governance TypeNot Reported
  • International Criteria(vii)(viii)(ix)(x)
  • Management AuthorityNot Reported
  • Management Plan URLNot Reported

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complete

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Official Data Provider

IUCN (2012)

Details

Species information

  • 33

  • Iucn_red_white_small Logogbif

Data provided by GBIF and IUCN

Analysis of Irreplaceability Details

This Protected Area has been assessed and ranked for irreplaceability

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